Ferenc II Rákóczi : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

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Ar pinvidikañ eus perc'henned [[Rouantelezh Hungaria]] e oa ha kont (''comes perpetuus'') eus ar c'h- ''Comitatus Sarossiensis'' (''[[Kontelezh Sáros]]'') adalek 1694. Trede ha diwezhañ bugel ar priñs [[Ferenc Iañ Rákóczi]] e oa. E dad a oa priñs dilennet [[Transilvania]]. E vamm, [[Jelena Zrinska]] (''Zrínyi Ilona'' e hungareg), a oa merc'h da [[Petar Zrinski]] (''Zrínyi Péter'' e hungareg), <!-- [[Ban of Croatia]], --> ha nizez d'ar barzh [[Nikola VII Zrinski|Nikola Zrinski]] (''Zrínyi Miklós'' en Hungareg). E [[George II Rákóczi|dad-kozh ]] ha [[George I Rákóczi|tad-kuñv]], anvet George, a oa Priñsed [[Transylvania]].
 
Breur Ferenc, George, a varvas en-bugel a-raok e c'hanedigezh , hag e c'hoar, [[Julianna Rákóczi|Julianna]], a oa pevar bloaz warnañ. E dad, Ferenc Iañ, a varvas pa ne oa nemet4nemet 4 bloaz hag an intañvez a c'houlennas ober war-dro he bugale. Met kuzulierien [[Leopold Iañ an Impalaeriezh Santel]] a alias an [[Impalaer santel]] da zerc'hel Ferenc bihan hag e c'hoar en e gichen, hervez youl o zad a-raok mervel. Daoust da se e chomas ar vugale gant o mamm, Jelena Zrinska, tra ma choment dindan aotrouniezh an impalaer hervez al lezenn.
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Upon Francis I's death, his widow requested guardianship of her children; however, the advisors of [[Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor|Emperor Leopold I]] insisted that he retain guardianship of both Francis and his sister, especially as Francis I had willed this before death. Despite further difficulties, Jelena Zrinska was able to raise her children, while the Emperor retained legal guardianship. The family lived in the [[Palanok Castle|castle of Munkács]] (today ''Mukacheve'', in [[Ukraine]]), [[Sárospatak]] and [[Regéc]] until 1680, when Francis’s paternal grandmother, [[Sophia Báthory]], died. Then, they moved permanently into the castle of Munkács. Rákóczi retained strong affection for this place throughout his life. Aside from his mother, Rákóczi's key educators were [[György Kőrössy]], [[castellan]] to the family, and János Badinyi.
[[File:Budapest Heroes square Ferenz Rákoczi II.jpg|thumb|Statue of Rákóczi, [[Hősök tere|Heroes' Square]], [[Budapest]], [[Hungary]]]]
 
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==End of the Thököly Uprising==
Upon Francis I's death, his widow requested guardianship of her children; however, the advisors of [[Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor|Emperor Leopold I]] insisted that he retain guardianship of both Francis and his sister, especially as Francis I had willed this before death. Despite further difficulties, Jelena Zrinska was able to raise her children, while the Emperor retained legal guardianship. The family lived in the [[Palanok Castle|castle of Munkács]] (today ''Mukacheve'', in [[Ukraine]]), [[Sárospatak]] and [[Regéc]] until 1680, when Francis’s paternal grandmother, [[Sophia Báthory]], died. Then, they moved permanently into the castle of Munkács. Rákóczi retained strong affection for this place throughout his life. Aside from his mother, Rákóczi's key educators were [[György Kőrössy]], [[castellan]] to the family, and János Badinyi.
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[[File:Budapest Heroes square Ferenz Rákoczi II.jpg|thumb|StatueDelwenn ofda Rákóczi, [[Hősök tere|Heroes' Square]], [[Budapest]], [[HungaryHungaria]]]]
==Emsavadeg Thököly ==
 
Addimezet e oa Jelena Zrinska da [[Imre Thököly]], ha hennezh ne reas van ebet eus desevel e lezvab Rákóczi . <!--
Jelena Zrinska’s second husband, [[Imre Thököly]] took little interest in Rákóczi's education, as he was by then heavily involved in politics. However, the failure of the Turks to capture the Habsburg capital in the [[Battle of Vienna]] in 1683 frustrated Thököly's plans to become King of [[Upper Hungary]]. When the Turks began to grow suspicious of his intentions, Thököly proposed sending the young Rákóczi to [[Constantinople]] as a guarantee of his goodwill. But Rákóczi’s mother opposed this plan, not wishing to be separated from her son.
 
In 1686 [[Antonio Caraffa]] besieged their residence, the castle of Munkács. Jelena Zrinska successfully led the defence of the castle for three years, but capitulated in 1688. The two Rákóczi children fell again under the guardianship of [[Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor|Leopold I]], and moved to [[Vienna]] with their mother. They regained their possessions, but could not leave the city without the Emperor's permission.
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