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Y Mwmbwls : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

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Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
(Pajenn nevez : '''Y Mwmbwls''' (''Mumbles'' e saozneg, diwar ar ger gallek ''mammelles'') zo anv ur c'harter eus Abertawe, e Kembre. cy:Y Mwmbwls en:Mumbles)
 
Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
'''Y Mwmbwls''' (''Mumbles'' e saozneg, diwar ar ger gallek ''mammelles'') zo anv ur c'harter bras eus [[Abertawe]], e [[Kembre]].
 
==Istor==
 
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is a large village with adjacent headland stretching into [[Swansea Bay]]. It is part of the administrative area of the City and County of [[Swansea]] in [[Wales]]. Historically the area was part of the [[county]] of [[Glamorgan]]. [[Mumbles (community)|Mumbles is also the name of a community]] made up of the [[Mayals (electoral ward)|Mayals]], [[Newton, Swansea|Newton]], [[Oystermouth]] and [[West Cross (electoral ward)|West Cross]] electoral wards, and has an elected community council.
 
The name Mumbles is possibly derived from the French word ''mamelles'', meaning "[[breast]]s", which the two islets at the end of the Mumbles headland resemble. On the furthest islet stands [[Mumbles Lighthouse]]. Situated in the village is the ruin of [[Oystermouth Castle]].
 
==History==
[[Archaeology|Archaeological]] evidence indicates that an ancient [[forest]] was located on what is now the foreshore of Mumbles Bay. The [[bone|bones]] of [[bear]]s, [[Wolf|wolves]], [[hyena]]s, [[deer]], [[rhinoceros]] and [[mammoth]] have been discovered there. A bone [[cave]] at the [[West]]ern tip of [[Caswell Bay]] was excavated in 1832, but has since been destroyed by the [[sea]]. Another, at the Inner Sound, Mumbles Head, was blown up by quarrymen in 1838 but not before [[elephant]] bones had been found. Also scattered around the bays of Mumbles and [[Gower peninsula|Gower]] are the bones of sixteen [[Ice Age]] [[mammal]]s, including a mammoth's [[tooth]] measuring ten centimetres across, which is on display in [[Swansea Museum]]. The first [[human]] [[crop]] growers arrived in Mumbles over 3,000 [[year]]s ago. Swansea Museum has two well-finished [[flint]] [[axe]]-heads, one from [[Newton]] and one from an [[allotment]] on [[Mumbles Hill]]. Much of what we know about the first [[Metalworking|metalworkers]], in the [[Bronze Age]], has been learned from their [[tomb]]s: Pieces of [[pottery]], a [[cairn]] and remains of a [[hut]] were found. The Bronze and [[Iron Age]]s seem to have been comparatively warlike and, on the [[cliff]]s above the Redcliffe [[Mudflat|flat]]s at Caswell Bay, are the ridged remnants of a Redley Cliff iron-age [[fort]].
[[Image:Mumbles2.jpg|thumb|left|Mumbles seafront]]
There is [[evidence]] that the [[Roman Britain|Romans]] were based in Mumbles in a [[villa]] on the site of the present All Saints Church in Oystermouth. When the site was being extended in 1860, workmen removing a bank of earth on the south side of the original building accidentally broke up a Roman tesselated [[Pavement (architecture)|pavement]], or [[mosaic]] floor. This was previously a [[pagan]] site, as were many sites of [[worship]] in the [[UK]] which subsequently became places of worship at the onset of [[Christianity]]. Indeed, in this area it has been reported that [[Romano British]] gentlemen of [[Roman Wales]] may have eaten [[oyster]]s from the oysterbeds off the shore below the site at Oystermouth, ''Ystumllwynarth''.
 
Three of the [[Church bell|bell]]s in All Saints Church once belonged to the Jesuit church of La Campania in [[Santiago, Chile|Santiago]], [[Chile]]. They seem to have been brought to Mumbles by Aubrey Vivian after a [[fire]] burnt down the Jesuit church in 1863, killing 2000 people. (The family of industrialist [[Henry Vivian, 1st Baron Swansea|Henry Vivian]] had business connections with the [[Copper extraction techniques|copper mines]] of Chile.)
In 1806, the [[Swansea and Mumbles Railway|Oystermouth Railway]] was built between Oystermouth and Swansea with the intention of carrying coal to Swansea. The potential for carrying passengers was soon seen and a [[Wagonway|horse-drawn railway]] passenger service was started on March 25, 1807, making it the first such service in the world. It became enormously popular and was commonly called 'the Mumbles train'.
 
Following the development of the rail service, Mumbles became a very popular [[tourism|tourist]] destination. To capitalize on this, the Mumbles train was extended and a [[pier]] was constructed and opened in 1898 to serve as the new terminus.
 
An [[RNLI]] [[Lifeboat (rescue)|lifeboat]] slipway was added to the pier in the summer of 1916 and a boathouse was finally built on it in 1922; these remain in use. On April 23 1947, the crew of eight men was lost while attempting to rescue the crew of the ''[[Samtampa]]'' that had run aground on [[Sker Point]].
 
An amusement complex was developed at the land end of the [[Mumbles Pier]] in 1966, replacing an earlier popular dance hall. This proved to be a profitable attraction to visitors, resulting in the addition of a new building containing an amusement arcade, restaurant and [[bowling alley]].
[[Image:Mumbles3.jpg|thumb|Swansea Lifeboat Station from Mumbles Pier]]
The 'Mumbles Mile' is a stretch of road in Mumbles once notable for its concentration of [[Public house|pubs]]. It has long been a popular destination for [[pub crawl]]s and [[binge drinking]]. Famous poet [[Dylan Thomas]] was said to have enjoyed many hours at The Mermaid. The 'Mumbles Mile' began to decline in popularity during the 1990s, owing to pressure from the local council and increased competition from Swansea's night attractions. Now, there are fewer than ten pubs on the 'mile', whereas there were once upwards of twenty.
 
==Notable connections==
*[[Catherine Zeta-Jones]] and [[Michael Douglas]] have a house in Mumbles.
*[[Catherine Zeta-Jones]] was born and grew up in Mumbles.
*[[Ian Hislop]] was born in Mumbles.
*[[Joanna Page]] was born in Mumbles.
*[[Bonnie Tyler]] lives in Mumbles.
*The 2004 mini-series [[Mine All Mine]] starring [[Griff Rhys Jones]] was filmed in Mumbles.
*The Right Reverend [[Graham Charles Chadwick]] served in curacy at All Saints Church and is buried in Oystermouth Cemetery.
*[[Thomas Bowdler]] is buried in Oystermouth.
*[[Jean Jenkins]], an Australian senator (1987-1990), was brought up in Mumbles,
*[[Mal Pope]] lives in Mumbles
==See also==
*[[Gower peninsula]]
*[[Mumbles RFC]]
[[Image:Mum lslade sm.jpg|thumb|center|900px|Bracelet bay, Mumbles and Swansea bay, seen from the [[Mumbles Lighthouse]]]]
 
==External links==
* [http://www.mumbles.gov.uk Mumbles Community Council]
* [http://beehive.thisissouthwales.co.uk/mumbleslocalhistory/ Oystermouth Historical Association - Mumbles History]
* [http://www.welcometogower.co.uk/2007/08/mumbles.html Mumbles information and photographs]
* [http://www.enjoygower.com/mumblestic/mumtic.htm Mumbles Tourist Information Centre]
* [http://www.coastguard.ukf.net/SAMTAMPA.html Report of the loss of ''Edward, Prince of Wales'' (the Mumbles lifeboat) in 1947]
* [http://www.knabrock.co.uk Knabrock hotel, Mumbles]
* [http://www.mumbles.co.uk Locality website]
* [http://www.mumbles-pier.co.uk Mumbles Pier]
* [http://www.welcometogower.co.uk/2007/09/mumbles-pier.html Mumbles Pier information and photographs]
* [http://www.mumbleswebcam.com Mumbles webcam and images of area by a local photographer]
* [http://www.mumbleslifeboat.org.uk/index.htm Mumbles Lifeboat]
* [http://www.mumblesyachtclub.co.uk Mumbles Yacht Club]
* [http://www.mumblesrangers.com Mumbles Rangers Football Club]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=2733560 www.geograph.co.uk Photos of The Mumbles and surrounding area]
* [http://www.llandeilo.net/panorama.php?label=Mumbles Virtual tour of Mumbles Head]
* [http://www.barcrawl.co.uk/pubcrawl.aspx?Crawl=20 Mumbles Mile Pub Crawl]
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