Listenn Rouaned Bro-Skos

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Nuvola apps kworldclock.svg Setu ur pennad diechu hag a denn d'an istor. Gallout a rit reiñ un tamm skoazell, ha kreskiñ ar pennad: krogit e-barzh. Mar karfec'h reiñ hoc'h ali ha netra ken, grit 'ta e pajenn ar gaozeadenn.

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Ezhomm zo da vrezhonekaat ar pennad-mañ : treiñ an traoù manet en ur yezh all, pe lakaat en doare-skrivañ peurunvan ha netra ken, pe ober gant gerioù brezhonekoc'h ivez ouzhpenn.

Rouaned pikt diwezhañ[kemmañ]

Poltred Anv saoznek a-vremañ Anv gouezelek Anv gouezelek a-vremañ Ren Titl Lesanv
CináedmacAilpín.JPG Kenneth Iañ Cináed mac Ailpín
Ciniod m. Ailpin
Coinneach mac Ailpein[1] 848-858 Rex Pictorum
("Roue ar Bikted ")
An Ferbasach,
" An Alouber"[2]
- Donald Iañ Domnall mac Ailpín Dòmhnall mac Ailpein 858–862 Rex Pictorum
("Roue ar Bikted ")
Causantín mac Cináeda.jpg Constantine Iañ Causantín mac Cináeda Còiseam mac Choinnich 862–877 Rex Pictorum
("Roue ar Bikted ")
An Finn-Shoichleach,
"The Wine-Bountiful"[3]
- Áed Áed mac Cináeda Aodh mac Choinnich 877–878 Rex Pictorum
("Roue ar Bikted ")
- Giric Giric mac Dúngail Griogair mac Dhunghail 878–889 Mac Rath,
"Son of Fortune"[4]

Lignez MacAlpin , 889-1034[kemmañ]

Poltred Anv saoznek a-vremañ Anv gouezelek krennamzerel Anv gouezelek a-vremañ Ren Titl Lesanv
Domnall Dásachtach.jpg Donald II Domnall mac Causantín Dòmhnall mac Chòiseim 889–900 Rí Alban
("Roue Bro-Skos ")
Dásachtach,
Ar "Foll" or "Psycho"[5]
Constantine II of Scotland.jpg Constantine II Causantín mac Áeda Còiseam mac Aoidh 900–943 Rí Alban An Midhaise,
"the Middle Aged".[6]
Malcolm I.jpg Malcolm I Máel Coluim mac Domnaill Maol Chaluim mac Dhòmhnaill 943–954 Rí Alban An Bodhbhdercc,
"the Dangerous Red"[7]
An Ionsaighthigh.jpg Indulf Ildulb mac Causantín[8] N/A 954–962 Rí Alban An Ionsaighthigh,
"the Aggressor"[9]
- Dub
(Dubh or Duff)
Dub mac Maíl Choluim Dubh mac Mhaoil Chaluim 962–967 Rí Alban Dén,
"the Vehement"[10]
- Cuilén Cuilén mac Ilduilb Cailean 967–971 Rí Alban An Fionn,
"the White"[11]
- Amlaíb Amlaíb mac Ilduilb Amhlaigh 973x –977 Rí Alban
Kenneth II of Scotland.jpg Kenneth II Cináed mac Maíl Choluim Coinneach mac Mhaoil Chaluim 971 x 977–995 Rí Alban An Fionnghalach,
"The Fratricide"[12]
Constantine III (Alba).jpg Constantine III Causantín mac Cuiléin Còiseam mac Chailein 995–997 Rí Alban
Kenneth III of Scotland.jpg Kenneth III Cináed mac Duib Coinneach mac Dhuibh 997–1005 Rí Alban An Donn,
"the Chief"/ "the Brown".[13]
Malcolm II of Scotland.jpg Malcolm II Máel Coluim mac Cináeda Maol Chaluim mac Choinnich 1005–1034 Rí Alban / Rex Scotiae Forranach,
"the Destroyer";[14]

Lignez MacAlpin, 1034-1286[kemmañ]

Poltred Anv saoznek a vremañ Anv gouezelek krennamzerel Anv gouezelek a vremañ Reign Titl Lesanv
Donnchad I.jpg Duncan I Donnchad mac Crínáin Donnchadh mac Crìonain 1034–1040 Rí Alban An t-Ilgarach,
"ar C'hlañvour".[15]
Macbeth Mac Bethad mac Findláich MacBheatha mac Fhionnlaigh 1040–1057 Rí Alban Rí Deircc,
"ar Roue Ruz"[16]
- Lulach Lulach mac Gille Comgaín Lughlagh mac Gille Chomghain 1057–1058 Rí Alban Tairbith,
"the Unfortunate"[17]
-
Fatuus,
"ar Foll"[18]
Malcolm III Máel Coluim mac Donnchada Maol Chaluim mac Dhonnchaidh 1058–1093 Rí Alban/ Scottorum basileus ? Cenn Mór ("Canmore")
"Penn Meur"[19]
- Donald III Domnall mac Donnchada Dòmhnall mac Dhonnchaidh 1093–1097 Rí Alban Bán,
"the Fair".
Donnchad II.jpg Duncan II Donnchad mac Maíl Choluim Donnchadh mac Mhaoil Chaluim 1094 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum
King Edgar of Scotland.jpg Edgar Étgar mac Maíl Choluim Eagar mac Mhaoil Chaluim 1097–1107 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum Probus,
"the Valiant"[20]
Alexander I (Alba) i.JPG Alexander I Alaxandair mac Maíl Choluim Alasdair mac Mhaoil Chaluim 1107–1124 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum "The Fierce"[21]
DavidIofScotland.jpg David I Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim Dàibhidh mac Mhaoil Chaluim 1124–1153 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum "The Saint"[22]
Malcolm iv.jpg Malcolm IV Máel Coluim mac Eanric Maol Chaluim mac Eanraig 1153–1165 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum "The Maiden"
-
Cenn Mór,
"Great Chief"[23]
William the Lion portrait.jpg William I Uilliam mac Eanric Uilleam mac Eanraig 1165-1214 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum "The Lion"
-
Garbh,
"the Rough"[24]
Alexander II (Alba) i.JPG Alexander II Alaxandair mac Uilliam Alasdair mac Uilleim 1214–1249 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum
Alasdair III.jpg Alexander III Alaxandair mac Alaxandair Alasdair mac Alasdair 1249–1286 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum

Recognized as Queen (1286-90) by the Guardians of Scotland in the Treaty of Salisbury, Margaret, Maid of Norway, is sometimes in lists of Scottish monarchs even though as she never set foot in Scotland and was never crowned at Scone.

Lignezoù Balliol ha Bruce[kemmañ]

Poltred Anv roue Anv a-raok bout roue Anv gouezelek Ren Lesanv
John Balliol.jpg John John de Balliol Iain Balliol 1292–1296 Toom Tabard,
"Empty Cloak"
Robertthebruce.jpg Robert I Robert de Brus, Earl of Carrick Raibeart Bruis
Roibert a Briuis (medieval)
1306–1329 "The Good"
"Robert the Bruce"
David II of Scotland.jpg David II David de Brus Dàibhidh Bruis 1329–1371
70px Edward Edward de Balliol 1332, 1333-1334, 1335–1336

Lignez Stewart[kemmañ]

Lignez Stewart kentañ: 1371-1567[kemmañ]

Poltred Anv roue Anv a-raok bout roue Anv gouezelek Ren Lesanv
Robert II Stewart.jpg Roperzh II Skos Robert Stewart, Earl of Strathearn Raibeart II Stiùbhairt
Roibert II Sdíbhard (medieval)
1371 – 1390 "The Steward"
Robert III Stewart.jpg Robert III John Stewart, Earl of Carrick Raibeart III Stiùbhairt
Roibert III Sdíbhard (medieval)
1390–1406 "An Righ Bhacaigh"
"the Lame King"[25]
James I of Scotland.jpg Jakez Iañ Skos James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay Seumas I Stiùbhairt 1406/24–1437
James II Portrait.jpg Jakez II Skos James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay Seumas II Stiùbhairt 1437–1460
James III Stewart.jpg Jakez III Skos James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay Seumas III Stiùbhairt 1460–1488
James IV of Scotland.jpg James IV James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay Seumas IV Stiùbhairt 1488–1513
James V of Scotland2.jpg James V James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay Seumas V Stiùbhairt 1513–1542
Mary, Queen of Scots after Nicholas Hilliard.jpg Mari Iañ Skos Mary Stuart Mairi Stiùbhairt 1542–1567 Mary Queen of Scots

Lignez Stewart an diwezhadoù: adalek 1567[kemmañ]

Poltred Anv roue Anv a-raok bout roue Anv gouezelek Ren Notennoù
James I, VI by John de Critz, c.1606..png Jakez VI Bo-Skos pe Jakez Iañ Bro-Saoz James Stewart, Duke of Albany and Rothesay Seumas VI Stiùbhairt July 29 1567March 27 1625 A oa ivez Roue Bro-Saoz ha Roue Iwerzhon adalek ar 24 a viz Meurzh, 1603.
Carolus I.jpg Charlez Iañ Bro-Saoz Charles Stuart, Prince of Wales, Duke of Rothesay and York Teàrlach I Stiùbhairt March 27, 1625January 30, 1649 A oa ivez Roue Bro-Saoz ha Roue Iwerzhon .
Charles II of England.jpeg Charles II Charles Stuart, Prince of Wales, Duke of Rothesay and Cornwall Teàrlach II Stiùbhairt 1660 (1649)–1685 A oa ivez Roue Bro-Saoz ha Roue Iwerzhon .
James II of England.jpg Jakez VII Bro-Skos, a oa ivez Jakez II Bro-Saoz James Stuart, Duke of Albany and York Seumas VII Stiùbhairt February 6, 1685–1688 A oa ivez Roue Bro-Saoz ha Roue Iwerzhon . A voe distroadet.
Queen Mary II.jpg Mari II Bro-Skos Mary Stuart Mairi II Stiùbhairt 1689–1694
with William II until 1694
Also Queen of England and Ireland
William II Willem Hendrik, Prince of Orange Uilleam Orains 1689–1702
with Mary II until 1694
Also King of England and Ireland; Stadtholder of Guelders, Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Overijssel.
Queen Anne.jpg Anne Anne Stuart Anna Stiùbhairt March 8, 1702May 1, 1707 Also Queen of England and Ireland. Scotland ceased to exist as a sovereign kingdom in 1707, and Anne continued on as Queen of Great Britain until her death on August 1, 1714.

From 1707, the titles King of Scots and Queen of Scots are incorrect. Hence, this list runs up to 1707; for monarchs after that date, see List of British monarchs.

Jacobite Claimants[kemmañ]

  • James VIII (Seumas VIII), also known as The Old Pretender, son of James VII, was claimant from 1701 until his death in 1766.
  • Charles III (Teàrlach III), also known as The Young Pretender and often called Bonnie Prince Charlie, son of James VIII, was claimant from his father's death until his own death in 1788.
  • Henry I (Eanraig I), brother of Charles III and youngest son of James VIII. Died in 1807 without offspring.
  • After 1807, the Jacobite claims passed first to the House of Savoy (1807–1840), then to the Modenese branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine (1840–1919), and finally to the House of Bavaria (since 1919). The current heir is Franz, Duke of Bavaria. Neither he nor any of his predecessors since 1807 have pursued their claim.

Notennoù ha daveennoù[kemmañ]

  1. Da lavarout gwir, Coinneach a dleje bezañ Cionaodh, rak Coinneach zo, hervez an istor, un anv disheñvel is. Met er yezh a vremañ eo bet mesket an daou anv.
  2. Skene, Chronicles, p. 83.
  3. Skene, Chronicles, p. 85.
  4. Skene, Chronicles, p. 87.
  5. Hudson, Celtic Kings, p. 58.
  6. Skene, Chronicles, p. 91; Hudson, Celtic Kings, p. 65.
  7. Skene, Chronicles, p. 93.
  8. His name is a Gaelicization of the Norse name Hildufr (or perhaps English Eadulf); it occurs in various contemporary Gaelic forms, such as Iondolbh, found in the the Duan Albanach; Ildulb is used because by some historians because it correctly represents the name Hildulfr in Gaelic orthography; Eadwulf would perhaps be Idulb, hence that form is also used sometimes. The name never came into wider use in the Scottish world, or the Gaelic world more generally, and has no modern form. The name "Indulf" is a spelling produced by later medieval French influence; Hudson, Celtic Kings, p, 89.
  9. Skene, Chronicles, p. 94.
  10. Duan Albanach, 23 here; as Dub means "Black", "Dub the Black" is tautologous.
  11. Skene, Chronicles, p. 95.
  12. Skene, Chronicles, p. 96.
  13. Former probable because later English (speaking) sources called him "Grim"; Old Irish donn has similar meaning to Old Irish greimm, which means "power" or "authority"; see Skene, Chronicles, p. 98; Hudson, Celtic Kings, p. 105.
  14. Skene, Chronicles, pp. 99-100.
  15. Skene, Chronicles, p. 101.
  16. Skene, Chronicles, p. 102.
  17. Skene, Chronicles, p. 102.
  18. Anderson, Early Sources, vol. i, p. 603.
  19. This name was probably only originally applied to Mael Coluim IV, Mael Coluim III's grandson, and then later confused; see Duncan, Kingship of the Scots, pp. 51–52, 74–75; Oram, David I, p. 17, note 1. Cenn Mór certainly means "great chief" rather than "big head", as sometimes thought.
  20. Anderson, Early Sources, vol. ii, p. 141.
  21. This nickname however is not attested for another three centuries, in the work of Andrew of Wyntoun.
  22. Later nickname. Latin Sanctus also means simply "Holy". David was never canonised.
  23. See Duncan, Kingship of the Scots, pp. 51–52, 74–75; Oram, David I, p. 17, note 1. Cenn Mór certainly means "great chief" rather than "big head", as sometimes thought.
  24. Annals of Ulster, s.a. 1214.6; Annals of Loch Cé, s.a. 1213.10.
  25. E.g. Annals of the Four Masters, s.a. 1425.5. This epithet was later applied to his father, Robert II, in Gaelic tradition.